January 1 - 31, 2016
In his Summa Theologiae (1267-73) Saint Thomas Aquinas presented a synthesis of Aristotelian logic and Christian theology that was to become the basis of Roman Catholic doctrine on a wide variety of subjects.
Thomas divided his work into three parts, the first dealing with the existence and nature of God and the universe he created. The second part discusses human activity and ethics, and the third with Christ and the sacraments.
Each part is made up of a series of open questions, in answer to which he presents his opponents' arguments as well as his own before refuting the former. Demonstrated throughout is Thomas's conviction that there can be no contradiction between the truths of faith, based on divine revelation, and those of human reason.
Although St. Thomas lived less than fifty years, he composed more than sixty works, some of them brief, some very lengthy. This does not necessarily mean that every word in the authentic works was written by his hand; he was assisted by secretaries, and biographers assure us that he could dictate to several scribes at the same time. Other works, some of which were composed by his disciples, have been falsely attributed to him.