Despite claims that the world is generally more developed and stable than previous times in man's history there are places on earth where war is still the name of the game. Tactics such as rape, murder, vandalism and ethnic cleansing are still prevalent. The paper studies the complex issues confronting Africa's largest country, Sudan. The country stands on a fragile ceasefire that ended a 2 decade civil war in 2002. The main focus is on the Darfur region which is in Western Sudan. Rebels there began fighting in 2003 and the region has been something of a conundrum of violence. The government's counterinsurgency has been called genocide and the paper examines these accusations and the evidence put forward for this. The international community has been hesitant to act discovery in this crisis due to a lack of political will possibly? The ghost of the Rwandan genocide of the early 1990s lingers though and world leaders have been pressured to act. The paper also assesses what sort of pressure is being applied on governments, their reaction and the validity of it. No pre-conceived notion of this conflict is taken to start off just to try and reach objective conclusions. The issues of genocide is complicated. Quarrels over definition seem to have limited decisive action in areas like Sudan.