Is Islam the Solution? The Muslim Brotherhood and the Search for an Islamic Democracy in Egypt

Erica Devine, Providence College


Since the removal of President Mubarak in 2011, the role of the Muslim Brotherhood as a political force within Egypt has grown exponentially. These events have called into question the role the Muslim Brotherhood will play in the creation of a new government in Egypt. During the 1970s and 1980s, the Brotherhood underwent a gradual transformation of its ideology in the direction of democracy and political participation. The influence of such ideologues as Hasan al- Banna, Hasan Isma‘il al-Hudaybi, Umar al-Tilmisani, and Yusef al-Qaradawi provided the foundation for this transition and spurred the movement towards the blending of civil and religious agendas. Their promotion of a constitutional system of governance within the constraints of Islamic law is a source of hope for the Brotherhood’s future participation in a democratic state.