Inter-country adoption of children from the United States has been going on for decades; however it had not been broadly recognized by adoption professionals. Prior to 2008, when the USA contracted with The Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, no protective legislation aimed at monitoring these adoptions existed, offering no protection from abuses that have been associated with inter-country adoption. Even after the policy change in 2008, the USA has had no requirements for reporting all inter-country adoptions. Historically, inter- country adoptions from the USA have involved children of racial minorities. This practice raises social justice issues and questions of protection of the rights of all children.
Engel, Madeline H.; Phillips, Norma K.; and Della Cava, Frances A.
"Inter-Country Adoption of Children Born in the United States,"
Sociology Between the Gaps: Forgotten and Neglected Topics: Vol. 1.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.providence.edu/sbg/vol1/iss1/1